Ano Syros is one of the oldest and most picturesque quarters of Hermoupolis. It is actually constructed around the hilltop of the right hill of Hermoupolis, just below the Catholic Church of Resurrection of Christ. Ano Syros is the traditional Catholic quarter of Ermoupolis, while Vrontados is the Orthodox quarter and it is constructed on the hilltop of the left hill of Hermoupolis, right below the Orthodox Church of Agios Nikolaos.
Ano Syros was founded in 1200 AD and its location was geographically fortified in order to have a great view of the surrounding sea and be protected from the enemies. In fact, the central square of Ano Syros gets a fantastic view to the Aegean Sea and the town of Hermoupolis. The village of Ano Syros also has lovely Venetian architecture, with small traditional houses and narrow paved streets. It is a fantastic experience to walk around these streets, where you will surely find the Capuchin Monastery, the Jesuit Monastery and the Museum of Vamvakaris.
Markos Vamvakaris (1905-1972) was a famous musician of rebetiko music in Greece, originating from Ano Syros. His family was Roman Catholic, as was a large part of the local population. He recorded his songs mostly during the 1930s, when rebetiko was widely popular in Greece, and many of his songs are very popular until today (such as the classic love song Frangosyriani). The Museum of Vamvakaris is found at the central street of Ano Syros, it opened in 1995 and includes photos, clothes and other personal items of this famous music composer and singer.